Agriculture

Monitor diseases

Drones can be used to find the presence of crop-eating bugs and then even deploy accurate pesticide applications instead of sprinkling an entire agricultural plot. They provide a fast and effective method to detect pest insects, weed and diseases in food crops before outbreaks happen. Some diseases may only show visible changes in their last stages when it is too late. Such diseases can be caught using cameras with special filters that detect these subtle changes.

Yield prediction

Crop yield prediction is a big business around the world. Prediction of harvest volume helps all stakeholders (from producers, commodity traders, hedge fund managers to insurance companies) understand the supply side of agricultural market. Understanding worldwide crop yield is central to addressing food security challenges and reducing the impacts of climate change. This estimation process is time taking and highly error prone. Drones can help scan large areas of land to measure yield accurately, cost-effectively and scalably. Regular drone flights can also be used to help farmers measure how fast their crops are growing in remote fields.

Water & Fertilizer distress

The availability of different camera sensors allow drones to provide even more information than what the human eye can visually observe. The greater the sensors, the more is the information obtained from the acquired images. Drones mounted with multispectral cameras (like Near Infrared, Red Edge or Thermal InfraRed), which use special filters to capture reflected light from selected regions of the electromagnetic spectrum can be used detect plants/crops suffering from water or fertilizer deprivation. Stressed plants typically display a ‘spectral signature’ which can be used to train deep learning models to distinguish them from healthy plants.

Asset Inspection

Solar panels

Attain full energy production and get quicker ROI from your solar farms using drones. Thermal camera mounted drones can be used to conduct full solar farm inspections. These can be used to spot and identify the type of fault:


Module faults: These include individual hot spots on the cells, diode failures, shattered or dirty modules, coating and fogging issues, and junction box heating.


String and system faults: Wiring issues (reversed polarity, frayed cables), charge controller issues, and inverter and fuse failures.


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Wind turbines

Conventional wind turbine inspection has been carried out visually by an inspector using a rope and a harness, which is both are risky to life, time taking and expensive. Inspection of wind turbines using drones is much safer, faster and more cost effective. You can accurately inspect each windmill very closely for minute cracks, paint peel offs, dents and eroded metals parts/sections.


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Bridge Inspection

Due to the large potential for triggering a chain of events causing huge monetary loss or even loss of life, bridge infrastructure must be fully inspected on a regular basis and faults must be caught early. Drones are a viable solution to tackle these problems efficiently. They can capture high-definition video of every joint, support, crack, and crevice on a bridge which can be more thorough than what a human engineer on the job might be able to do.

Oil Refinery

Oil and Gas companies spend a significant amount of money on ensuring that oil rigs and pipelines are safe and in compliance with regulations. Inspecting pipelines and checking for oil leakages regularly often requires operations to shutdown for days, costing the company millions of dollars. These inspections also pose danger to the lives of the inspectors. Drones not only makes these inspections safer but also enable to carry out inspections more frequently and with a higher accuracy and coverage.

Railways

Containing any damage to railway tracks is extremely essential for enhancing the safety level of the rail transport system. The monotonous and tedious of manually inspecting miles of tracks to find the smallest of defects, tends to affects the accuracy of the data. To address this issue, drones are increasingly being used in this field to inspect rock faces for the risk of falling rocks, detect vegetation close to the tracks and inspect station roofing. The use of drones is accurate and cost effective.

Construction

Land surveying

Drones have made it possible to do site surveying more accurately and in less time. Drones can be set on a pre-programmed flight path to cover hundreds of acres of land, taking pictures and high definition videos, map elevation changes with LIDAR (depth detection) or other sensors, locate water and water flow patterns and detect the presence of different minerals and resources. The information can be analyzed and processed in shorter time because the process is automated with a low turnaround time.

Site Management

Drones can drastically improve surveys, progress reporting, site visibility, inspection processes. They are used to efficiently carry out dangerous and expensive site inspections over large areas, reducing human risk and costs. They accelerate data collection at a high accuracy, allowing construction workers to track a site’s progress with a level of precision that was not possible using manual labour in the industry before.
Drones can also provide a real-time update of what is going on around the site.

Insurance

Claim Validation

In their widely covered drone report, Goldman Sachs estimates that the drone market in insurance claims represents a total addressable market worth $1.4 billion. The insurance industry has also been one of the earliest to adopt drones.


With the new AI powered drone technology, you can carry out accurate and error free inspection of any site to verify its validity for a claim. Drones can help assess home damage, be it taking picture of difficulty to access areas like roofs or the entire house post a natural disaster, drones help speed up the process while reducing risk of accident on the insurance inspector.


They additionally facilitate in cutting down losses by reducing the liability of fulfilling faux claims.

Search, Security, Surveillance

Search & Rescue

Drones are turning out to be an indispensable tool for locating people in areas devastated by floods,fire, or other natural calamities. Drones can be equipped with infrared cameras that can be used to locate humans in remote areas by their heat signatures. Real time video streaming can be used for visual identification of people in distress and GPS information gives rescue personnel the ability to precisely locate the distressed and send in aerial support to rescue people.

They additionally facilitate in cutting down losses by reducing the liability of fulfilling faux claims.

Surveillance & Security

Drones provide the ideal solution to the problems and limitations faced by other surveillance methods. Drone surveillance presents an easier, faster, and cheaper method of data collection, and a number of other key advantages. Drones produce less noise, can enter narrow and confined spaces and can be armed with night vision cameras and thermal sensors, allowing them to see what a human eye will be unable to detect.


Drones are also used to track and apprehend criminals. It is not uncommon to find them being used in warzones to track fugitives and terrorists. Drones are also being used for escorting employees to their vehicles in the parking lot at night. Providing full-time drone surveillance of secluded spaces like parking lots can help reduce criminal incidents. They can even help monitor educational institutions and residential areas, detect abnormal activity and potential threats, and immediately notify concerned departments and law enforcement agencies.

Nature & Wildlife

Detect sharks

Advances in artificial intelligence have made it possible to distinguish sharks from dolphins and surfers in real time. This can easily be used to warn swimmers and people on the beach of the danger close-by.


Parts of the Australian coastline popular with swimmers and surfers are already being patrolled by drones to protect beachgoers from shark attacks. The drones send real-time images of coastal waters back to an operator using GPS coordinates. This is showing great results indicated by the drop in the number of shark attacks.

Wildlife conservation

Drones are being used in wildlife conservation for a range of applications including identifying and intercepting poaching gangs, extent of deforestation, monitoring populations of grey whales off the coast of USA during their annual migrations and tracking illegal fishing activities. Collecting data about the flora and fauna in various regions can also help evaluate the impact of human activities on the nearby wildlife.

Oil Spill Monitoring

Waterproof drones can act as a cost effective solution to measure, track and monitor oil spills around a vessel or a burst pipe. The drones can practically scan huge areas of the sea and send back the exact coordinates of high concentration areas to the clean-up operation teams, for maximum damage control.